A conjecture not without foundation would be to think that the glass was introduced in Venice as a first step to meet the needs of mosaic art that was, from the ninth to the fourteenth century, a massive bloom in the estuary.
A blooming imposing as that found today for Murano beads for Pandora whose development seems to have no limits. This without having to resort to the distant glass factories of Constantinople. Only later, in the tenth century was a further boost that allowed to pass from the processing of enamel mosaic that of hollow blown glass, be they objects of a certain size, whether they are blown pieces of jewelry like beads, which in fact we have in Murano beads for Pandora a wonderful example.
This impulse could come to Venice mainly by the Benedictine monks at that time very popular in Western Europe in general, and in particular in the Venetian lagoons. The first Venetian glassmakers we meet at the origin are referred to as “fiolarii”, that is, as manufacturers of bottles and jars, known as the Greek manner “fiole.”
But even the glassmakers to which in the first decade of the fourteenth century, the Great Council grants the license to manufacture 1,500 pieces ââ”de vitro pro laborerio de muse” are qualified with the same attribute. An attribute that it was referring with any evidence to their “status” of Corporate glassmaker par excellence, absorbent any other specialization of trade.
It is therefore reasonable to assume that even the historical “fiolarii” of the Archaic period were dedicated to the blowing of hollow glass together with the fusion of enamels, also because this latest work, though different, is much simpler from a technical standpoint than the first, and so had to precede it chronologically.
As for the enamels, it is precisely at this time that we have the first hints to those who will become wonderful examples of Murano beads for Pandora, deeply developed many centuries later. The current common opinion of experts is based on this passage from one processing to the other, which involves Venice as the debtor of education and industry of Benedictine glass.